The Ladder of Inference describes the thinking process that we go through, usually unconsciously, to get from a fact to a decision or action. The thinking stages can be seen as rungs on a ladder.

The Ladder of Inference tool will help you and your team to:

  • Understand that the way events and issues are viewed can impact your decisions and actions in the present and the future.
  • Expand your field of vision around the possibilities of the future so that you make better maps and decisions in the present.
  • Become more adaptive, resilient and transformational, adopting the cycle of “learn – unlearn – relearn” as a critical part of your culture.


This resource is a PDF that includes the Ladder of Inference Worksheet. You may use the resource digitally by filling as a PDF form, or print and fill out.


Copyright Information

While The Futures School owns and retains copyright and trademark for the Natural Foresight® Framework, we grant you the right to make use of the materials as they are, or in modified form. You may translate, modify, print, network, reformat or change the materials in any way providing that you meet the terms of the license.

The Natural Foresight® Framework has been released under the Creative Commons license Attribution 4.0 International, allowing everyone to share, copy, redistribute, remix, transform, and build upon NFF in any medium and format, and for any purpose, even commercially. We would be very interested to see copies of, or links to, derivative works. If you would like to share these with us, please email details to info@thefuturesschool.com


If you use or amend or incorporate content from the Natural Foresight® Framework, which is provided under a Creative Commons license, use the following attribution:

Natural Foresight® by The Futures School is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International 

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